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What is JPEG?

JPEG stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group. It is a standard method of compressing photographic images. We also call JPEG the file format which employs this compression.

The file extensions for this format are .JPEG, .JFIF, .JPG, OR .JPE although .JPG is the most common on all platforms.

JPEG/JFIF is mostly used for storing and transmitting photographs on the World Wide Web, but not as well suited for line drawings and other textual or iconic graphics because its compression method performs badly on these types of images.

Some facts about JPEG:

  • JPEG is a well established standard with plenty of software available, including free software
  • JPEG is at its best on photographs and paintings of realistic scenes with smooth variations of tone and color.
  • The ratios at which the downsampling can be done on JPEG are 4:4:4 (no downsampling), 4:2:2 (decimate by factor of 2 in horizontal direction), and most commonly 4:2:0 (decimate by factor of 2 in horizontal and vertical directions)
  • The resulting compression ratio can be varied according to need by being more or less aggressive in the divisors used in the quantization phase.
  • JPEG compression artifacts blend well into photographs with detailed non-uniform textures, allowing higher compression ratios
The JPEG committee has now created its own wavelet-based standard, JPEG 2000, which is intended to eventually supersede the original JPEG standard. When you need to convert JPEG files to other formats like TIFF, PNG, BMP use Total Image Converter. It's the most powerful image converter to convert to and from JPEG.
image converter
  • JPEG to BMP, TIFF, PNG, ICO
  • Crop, resize, rotate photos
  • Add any text or logo to images
convert image
Total Image Converter supports the following conversions with JPEG files:
  • JPEG to BMP
  • JPEG to ICO
  • JPEG to JPEG (resize, rotate, add watermarks)
  • JPEG to JPEG2000
  • JPEG to PNG
  • JPEG to GIF
  • JPEG to PCX
  • JPEG to TGA
  • JPEG to TIFF
  • JPEG to RAW
  • JPEG to PDF
  • JPEG to PS
  • JPEG to PCL
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